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2008年高考英語復習:選擇連詞要把握邏輯思維
2008-02-26 00:00:00 返回列表
例三:In peace, too, the Red Cross is expected to send help _____there is human suffering.

  A. whoever B. however

  C. whatever D. wherever

  答案DDD。

 ?、岜硎颈容^: as…as…, not so…as…; than,the more … the more …等。

  例一:The earth goes around the sun the moon goes around earth.

  A.so that B.just like

  C.as how D.just as

  例二:Lucy looks stronger Lily.

  A.than B.as

  C.then D.not as

  例三:As far as I am concerned, education is about learning and the more you learn ,___ .

  A.the more for life are you equipped

  B.the more equipped for life you are

  C.the more for life you are equipped

  D.you are equipped the more for life

  答案DAB。

  二、決定連詞要把握內在邏輯

  確定連詞,解答連詞相關的題目,與其說是語法問題,不如說是認字和理解詞與詞、短語與短語和句與句之間的邏輯關系問題。選擇連詞首先涉及連詞的正確認知,其次就是搞清詞、短語和句子(主句和從句)之間在邏輯上是并列、轉折、因果、條件、目的等關系,從而準確地選擇出連詞。如:請你回答下面三個題目

  例一:We’re going to Mary’s party in David’s car at five this afternoon. You can join us ___ you can meet us at the party later.

  A. but B. and

  C. or D. then

  例二:We’re going to Mary’s party in David’s car at five this afternoon. You can join us _____ go there together.

  A. but B. and

  C. or D. then

  例三:We’re going to Mary’s party in David’s car at five this afternoon. You can join us _____ don’t be late when you come here.

  A. but B. and

  C. or D. then

  答案CBA。上面三個句子中,相同的語境背景是We’re going to Mary’s party in David’s car at five this afternoon. You can join us…,由于后面的三個語句不同,就形成了邏輯上的差異,因此要選擇不同的連詞。

  又如,請你回答下面兩個題目

  例一:――I don’t like chicken ____ fish.

  ――I don’t like chicken, ____ I like fish very much.

  A. and, and B. and, but

  C. or, and D. or, but

  例二:Along the highway, the sign board "Don’t drink ____ drive." can be seen every ten kilometers.

  A. or B. and

  C. otherwise D. as well as

  答案DB。我們知道,在并列結構中,or通常用于否定句,and用于肯定句。但在例二中,and 用在了否定句中。這是因為,這里and連接的兩個事物存在內在聯系,即在喝酒的前提下開車,因此,不能使用or。

  再如:

  例 You will succeed in the end ________you give up half way.

  A.even if B.as though

  C.as long as D.unless

  從題干前后兩個單句,我們可以看出:成功與半途而廢的邏輯關系是:成功不可半途而廢,而半途而廢就不會成功,選項D的unless=if not,含否定意義,因此符合題干的語義。如果本句題干進行如下變換:You will not succeed in the end ________you give up half way.就應當選擇if。

  三、根據結構和語義進行同組連詞辨析

  同一個邏輯關系,如時間、原因、讓步等,都有兩個以上的連詞可以表示,有時就不免需要辨析它們的區別,選擇更加準確的用詞。對此,我們可以從結構和語義兩個角度來加以區別。例如:

  1.since,as,for,because表示原因

  例一:______it is raining, we had better take a taxi.

  A. As B. For

  C. Because of D. When

  例二: everybody is here,let’s begin our meeting.

  A.When B.For

  C.Because D.Since

  例三:It was he was ill that he was absent yesterday.

  A.now that B.since

  C.as D.because

  例四He found it increasingly difficult to read, _____his eyesight was beginning to fail.

  A. and B. for

  C. but D. or

  答案ADDB。since,as,for,because都可以表示原因,從句子的結構上說,for是并列連詞,因此,for連接的句子放在后面;換句話說,for一般不放在句首。而since 和as引導的狀語從句強調的是結果,而不是原因,因此它們引導的從句通常放在主句前; because強調直接原因,引導的從句根據需要,既可放在主句之前也可放在主句之后。從語義上說,since相當于“既然”;as所引出的理由很明顯,不需要強調;for表示附帶說明或解釋。

  (2) when,while,as表示時間

  例一:I was about to go to bed

  there was a knock at the door.

  A.while B.when

  C.as D.suddenly

  例二: the days went on,the weather got worse.

  A.With B.Since

  C.While D.As

  例三:――I’m going to the post office.

  ―― ____ you’re there, can you get me some stamps?

  A. As B. While

  C. Because D. If

  答案BDB。用做時間狀語的when,while,as ,它們的區別是:when可指時間點,又可指時間段,從句中可用延續性動詞,也可用非延續性動詞。while總是指一個時間段,從句中必須用延續性動詞。as 表示兩個動作同時發生,表示“當……時”“一面……一面”,“隨著”。as 和 while表示“當……的時候”時,while 后接延續性動作,as 從句中多用表示動作的動詞,而不用be動詞或表示感覺等狀態動詞。as, when 引導短暫性動作時,當從句的動作發生于主句動作之前,只能用when 來引導,不可用as 或 while。從句表示“隨時間推移”用as,不用when 或while。

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湖北省黃岡中學主辦 黃岡中學電教處承辦
地址:湖北省黃岡市黃州區南湖路1號
電話:0713-8838888
鄂ICP備2020022804號 鄂公網安備 42110202000017號
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